University of Guelph, Canada, Canada
Effectiveness of choline and betaine in improving lipid homeostasis and systemic energy metabolism
Dr Marica Bakovic is a Professor in the Department of Human Health and Nutritional Sciences at the University of Guelph. Dr. Bakovic has lasting interests in choline and phospholipids, especially in the molecular regulation of membrane transport and lipid metabolism. Her interests include the regulation of metabolic syndrome, type-2 diabetes and hyperlipidemia. By disruption of the key regulatory gene involved in phospholipid formation Pcyt2, an ethanolamine cytidylyltransferase, her group established a strong link between membrane disfunction, ageing and development of obesity, insulin resistance, hypertension a well-known characteristics of metabolic syndrome. Dr. Bakovic areas of expertise include genomic and non-genomic regulation of metabolism with specific emphasis on regulatory pathways and molecular networks linking the membrane function with methyl-group metabolism and gene methylation. Her work on nutrient transport include characterization of choline transporter for phospholipid synthesis with emerging group of membrane and mitochondrial transporters from the choline transporter-like family SLC44A/CTL.
Cholineplays a critical role in systemic lipid metabolism andlimited choline supply inhibits lipoprotein secretion and causes development of non-alcoholic liver disease1. Under conditions of perturbed membrane phospholipid formation caused by a heterozygous deletion ofthe mousePcyt2gene (ETKOmice), cholinesupplementation reduces adiposity,restoresmembrane function and muscle insulin signaling2,3.Similarly to choline, betainesupplementation stimulates adipocyte lipolysis and inhibits fatty acid formationby lipogenesis4. Choline as well se betaine stimulate mitochondrial fatty acid oxidation genes and reducethe expression of fatty acid lipogenic genes3-4. Oxidation of choline to betaine and donation of methyl groups to theone-carbon methionine pathway strongly depends on choline and betaine availability.Our studies demonstrate thatcholine and betaine supplementation stimulates energy metabolism by participation in the mitochondrialoxidative demethylation pathway4. Plasma metabolomic profiling revealed systemic changes caused by choline and betaine supplementationunder condition of obesity. They both caused increased lipolysis (glycerol accumulation) and reduced sarcosine, taurine, acetate, andβ-hydroxybutyrate levels. They effected different steps in the citric acid cycle. Choline increased succinic acid while reducing brunched-chain amino acid levels, while betaine increased α-ketoglutaric acid and increased histidine and alanine levels,the specific biomarkers for betaine treatment. These data provide novel information on how choline and betaine supplementation can aid in treatment of obesity related disorders due to their mitochondrial oxidative degradation and demethylation in mitochondria.
Bastyr University , USA
Evaluation of Nutritional Value, Environmental Impact and Consumer Acceptance of Food Products Containing Edible Insects
Alexandra Kazaks is a professor at Bastyr University, Seattle Washington. She received a doctorate in Nutritional Biology from the University of California, Davis. Her research has extended to the effects of physical activity and plant-based foods on weight management and vascular disease risk factors, dietary supplements, and micronutrients. Her published works include numerous journal articles, book chapters, and books on micronutrients, metabolic syndrome, and obesity. Dr. Kazaks is a frequent speaker both in the US and internationally on these topics.
While considering the environmental sustainability of our food supply it is valuable to focus on edible insects that are efficient, prolific, resistant to drought, and produce lower levels of greenhouse gases than animals. Mealworms, in particular, have potential nutritional and environmental benefits. Insect consumption is uncommon in Western cultures as most people are repelled at the thought of eating insects. Incorporating insects in familiar foods may help overcome this food neophobia.
The objectives of this study wereto determine the nutritional profile of mealworms and whether processed mealworms are an acceptable protein source for consumers and to evaluate the relationships between acceptance of mealworms as a protein source and physical activity, food-related attitudes, and socio-demographic characteristics.We also evaluated nutrition professionals’ knowledge, experience and recommendations regarding edible insects.
Fatty acid profile and nutritional content of frozen and freeze-dried meal worm samples was determined by an AOAC International Guidelinescertified lab. Consumer information from adults throughout US was gathered by a questionnaire disseminated via social media while another elicited opinions and recommendations from nutrition professionals. Data was analysed using SPSS.
Dried mealworm powder (100g) provided 491 Kcal; 48% protein; 12% carbohydrate and 27% fat (MUFA highest). A wide range of micronutrients including 961 mg potassium make this a nutrient-dense food. Consumer responses indicated 37% who previously consumed insects showed higher willingness to buy (WTB) mealworm products (t=5.088(125), p<0.0001). Participation in a range of physical activities was associated with high levels of WTB. The most appealing forms of mealworm protein were protein bars and restaurant dishes. Of 316 nutrition professionals, 18% had previously consumed insects, 10% were familiar with nutrition content of commonly eaten insects, and 61% would recommend insects.
Study results may aid in development of nutrient-dense products that meet consumer demand and promote increased interest in sustainable protein sources.
Nayra Shaker Mehanna
National Research Center, Cairo, Egypt, Egypt
Evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of probiotics in Egyptian autistic children
Emeritus Prof. Dr. Nayra Shaker Mehanna, former head of Dairy Science Department, Achieved PhD in dairy science from faculty of Agriculture, Ain Shams Univ. Post Doctor in Research Center for the development of probiotics bacteria, London Ontario, Canada (2007).
She is a valuable member of the Committee of Food Hygiene Egyptian Authority for Standards & Quality and Dairy Egyptian Authority for Standards and Quality (Ministry of industry).
She had established “Production of Human Friendly Bacteria” unit in Food Industry and Nutrition Division - National Research Center and “safety Food” unit.
She has more than 60 publications in national and international scientific journals after PhD. Participate in the supervision of master theses and PhD.
Principal investigator for many projects from 1995 till now.
Recently, several studies have correlated the disturbance in the gut with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and suggested that the gastrointestinal (GI) microflora play a potential role in severity of symptoms in children with (ASD).
The aim of this study is to studying the effect of probiotic on autistic children.
Bifidobacterium spp. and lactobacillus spp. were assessed in stool samples of 40 autistic children from autistic clinic in National Research Centre and 20 healthy typical children of similar ages.
This study indicated that the counts of both Bifidobacterium spp. and lactobacillus spp. were significantly lower in the stool of autistic children than that of their control group. The count of bacteria wasn't affected by sex (male or female).
After supplementation of the autistic children with a daily nutritional product fortified with probiotic strains (Bifidobacterium spp.) for 3 months, highly significant increases in the levels of both Bifidobacterium spp. and Lactobacillus spp. were observed in stool of the autistic children. The results showed that the probiotic product led to improve autism scale in childhood (CARS) by 90%, in addition to improve deep sleep in 85% and communicate to speak 32%, and social networking 31.4%. Also, the food reduced children hyperactivity by 25%
Cape Peninsula University. , South Africa
The nutritional status of fodder trees influencing browsing behaviour of indigenousgoats performance in the semi-arid region of South Africa.
Food Nutrition and Science Researcher
South Africa is quite very rich country with vast numbers of indigenous such as boer goat, Toggerburger,Boar goat , Xhosa looped ears raised under smallholder farming system. Various studies have indicated that most fodder trees can be used to supplement livestock during times extreme drought conditions, however the nutritional status onfodder trees and its impact on livestock productivity has not be profoundly documented. Generally, So many fodder trees found in South Africa has been in the past as ethno veterinary medical and commonly known to poses characteristics such some pharmalogicalcharacterises in controlling endosparasites such roundworms, tapeworms in small ruminant .The main of this study is critical review the nutritive value and differences that exist on physiochemical properties of foddertrees and its impact on livestock performance species utilized have any differences in anti-nutritional factors (ANF) any differences on forage quality utilized as browsing material by South African indigenous Goats
University of Tennessee-Chattanooga, USA, USA
Nutrition Education Program through the Farmer’s Market: An Update
Dr. Amir Alakaam is an Associate Professor in Nutrition and a Registered Dietitian in United States. Dr. Alakaam has over six years of clinical experience as a physician in family medicine and general surgery, and seven years of teaching and research experience in the area of nutrition and public health at university level. Dr. Alakaam has served as a book reviewer, invited journal reviewer for numerous peer reviewed journals, and a professional member of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, American Public Health Association, American Diabetes Association, and other national and states associations.
His research interests focus on using the concepts of the Socio-Ecological Model to address health and nutrition needs of marginal populations. He is also interested in the research related to breastfeeding’s policies and practices in the U.S. hospitals, and eating habits of international students and immigrants in the U.S. His publication appeared in several journals such as Journal of Epidemiological Research, Journal of Human Lactation, Journal of International Students, and AIMS Public Health.
In North Dakota, United States (ND), cardiovascular disease and cancer are the leading cause of death, and there are more than 1,2000 cases of death due to heart disease every year; and at least nine individuals are diagnosed with cancer every day. Studies have showed that healthy food choices such as increase fruits and vegetables intakes have a protective role in chronic disease and obesity prevention (Oyebode et al., 2014). Research organizations established nutrition education programs to reduce obesity and chronic disease risk factors by providing accurate nutrition facts that make healthy food options available, accessible, and affordable (CDC, 2016; USDA, 2017). Nutrition education has been proven to be effective in increasing purchase of fruits, vegetables, and whole grain items. Given ND’s high obesity and chronic disease rates, and limited knowledge on effective interventions; the goals of this program were to (a) reinforce the value of choosing fruits and vegetables; (b) improve individual’s knowledge on the recommended serving size; and (c) develop healthy skills related to food purchasing.
Nutrition education research program based on the Socio-Ecological Model was delivered through the farmer’s market in ND. We administrate nutrition education sessions focus on the importance of fruits and vegetables on diet and healthy eating behavior. The sessions consist of a series of food demonstration and handouts about healthy food options explained by a Licensed Nutritionist. Data collected through questionnaire and was administrated in the end of the session. Nutrition intervention through farmers’ market are a potential effective strategy to improve eating habits and nutritional status in ND.
LORMA Colleges , Philippines
FEED THE HUNGRY: SCHOOL-BASED FEEDING PROGRAMS THROUGH THE LENS OF URBIZTONDO ELEMENTARY SCHOOL IN PANICSICAN, SAN JUAN, LA UNION
Aaron Tucay. He is 18 years old and was born on March 5, 2001. He lives in Sampaguita Street, Barangay San Vicente, San Fernando City, La Union. He is the son of Mr. Samuel Tucay and Mrs. Annelyn Tucay. He is currently studying at LORMA Colleges as a Grade 12 student.
Malnutrition is a worldwide health concern. Government and non-government organization geared their efforts in various interventions that could lessen and alleviate children’s suffering from malnutrition through the implementation of School-Based Feeding Program. However, the implementation of School-Based Feeding Program must also have specific procedures and standards in order to implement the program effectively. The study aims to determine the specific procedures of the School-Based Feeding Program, the significant impact of the lived experiences and challenges in implementing the school-based feeding program, and how will they ensure that beneficiaries will meet the implementation goals of the program. The descriptive-phenomenological design was utilized in the study and the participants were chosen through convenience sampling. An adapted questionnaire and semi-structured interview are the instrument’s used in the study, and thematic analysis was used to analyze and interpret the data. The study revealed that the implementation of school-based feeding program in Urbiztondo Elementary School, Panicsican, San Juan, La Union showed high attainment of the school-based feeding program goals particularly 9 out of 13 of the severely wasted were rehabilitated to normal nutritional status and the attendance of the pupils are significantly improved. Attainment of improving the children’s health and nutrition values and behavior is also generally high. However, very satisfactory in its personnel performance, adequate in its financial, delayed release of budget for feeding, inability of teachers and parents to prepare the foods regularly for school-based feeding program, additional work in buying commodities, dislike of some pupil beneficiaries of vegetables. Thus, a proposed action plan was formulated to enhance the implementation of the school-based feeding program in Urbiztondo Elementary School.
Sra. Marta del Moral Pairada
Universitat de Barcelona , Barcelona
FODMAP and INTOLERANCE IN IRRITABLE INTESTINE SYNDROME (IIS)
Moral Pairada was born in Barcelona and there I studied Nursing between 1991-94 at the Sant Pau’s Hospital Nursing School. She started to work as a nurse at the same Hospital. In 1998. She work for three years in Lloret de Mar at the Public Primary Health Care System.In 2001. she came back to Barcelona and was Nursing Supervisor during five years at CAPSBE (Consorcid’AtencióPrimària Barcelona Eixample. After that she studied a Management Master and collaborated with the Nursing’s students of the University of Barcelona. At 2014 she have been named by the Universitat de Barcelona as tutor for Community Nursing Care Specialty and associate professor in the same University.
• 84% of patients with IIS diagnosis relate the symptoms to the ingestion of certain foods
FODMAP: what about?
• Fermentable Oligosaccharides: fructooligosaccharides, galactoligosaccharides
• Disaccharides: lactose
• Monosaccharides: fructose
• Polyalcohols: sorbitol, mannitol, maltitol, xylitol.
Foods discouraged by high content in FODMAP:
Fruits: apple, ripe banana, mango, pear, canned fruit, watermelon. Sweeteners: fructose (syrups), fruit juices, dehydrated fruit, honey, corn syrup.
Cow's milk, sheep and goat. Yoghurt Cheeses: soft one’s, custard, ice cream
Vegetables: garlic, onion, eggplant, cabbage, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, escarole, asparagus, leeks, beets. Cereals: wheat, rye. Fruit: cherimoya, persimmon, watermelon
Pulses: beans, chickpeas, lentils
Fruit: avocado, apricot, cherry, plum, litxi, apple, lentil, nectarine, pear, watermelon.
Vegetables: cabbage, mushrooms, corn, green pepper. Sweeteners: sorbitol, mannitol, xylitol.
FODMAP: Allowed foods:
• Fruits: banana, blue and red blueberry, grapefruit, grapefruit, melon, kiwi, lemon, lime, mandarin, orange, passion fruit, papaya, pineapple, raspberries, strawberries, rhubarb. With moderate consumption: avocado, cherry, coconut, blackberry.
• Vegetables: Olives, chives, chicory, celery, bamboo shoots, soy shoots, zucchini, pumpkin, card, chives, green beans, green beans, lettuce, corn, potatoes, cucumbers, pepper, raves, tomato, carrots .
• Spices: basil, chile, cilantro, ginger, mint, oregano, thyme, rosemary, parsley.
• Dairy: Milk, lactose free, rice drink, soybean, cibada. Cheeses: cured cheeses, Brie, Camembert. Yoghurt without lactose, Substitutes of ice creams: sorbets and jellies.
• Sweeteners: Sucrose (sucrose) in small quantities, glucose, artificial sweeteners that do not end up in -ol, maple syrup, molasses.
• Cereals: Rice, chives, millet, polenta, quinoa, buckwheat
DIETARY REPERCUSSIONS LOWED IN FODMAP:
• The low diet in FODMAP requires careful dietary follow-up, and over time it can cause alterations physiological in the intestinal microbial.